Hinduism History & Sacred Books – Major Religions of the World
Hinduism is the oldest recognized religion in the world. It goes lower back as far as 5,000-10,000 B.C. There is no recognized founder or governing body of Hinduism. “Hinduism” is no longer the real phrase for the religion. The real identity for Hinduism is Sanātana Dharma as this means “eternal dharma” or eternal truth. Hinduism is the 3rd highest faith in the world, with over a billion followers.
Introduction About Hinduism
Hindus trust there is just one un manifested, the eternal actuality that can be found via enlightenment. This one actuality has taken on the form of everything we see today- consisting of gods and goddesses. So even though they worship many gods, in reality, it is a monotheistic religion. Dharma (righteousness), Artha (means of money), Kama (true desire), and Moksha (salvation), make up the four essential life-goals of Hinduism.
Important Books of Hinduism:
The main books of Hinduism are the Vedas, Ramayana, Bhagavad Gita, 18 Puranas, and Mahabharata. The most common language for Hindu scriptures is Sanskrit that is the oldest language in the world. Hinduism strongly encourages a vegetarian diet- something that many Hindus follow. However, many practitioners in India omit red meat and pork from their weight loss program and observe vegetarian recommendations on auspicious days. The Rig Veda is the oldest acknowledged book in the world. The Vedas were preserved for over 5,000 years without the use of printing. This was once done using memorization!
Om is considered to be the refined sound of the universe and can be heard in deep meditation. The supreme divine spirit is viewed to be both male and female. Yoga, Pranayama, Meditation, Vastu, Jyotish, Tantra, Astrology is large contributions to the world and has emerged as extremely famous in the west. It is often influencing many specific aspects of culture- fashion, diet, lifestyle, and spirituality. The Kumbhamela is a spiritual gathering of all sorts for the last three years that makes it the largest gathering of all human beings in the world.
There are three primary sects in Hinduism: Shaiva, Shakti, and Vaishnava. Hinduism accepts the thinking that everybody in any faith can gain salvation/enlightenment through perseverance, devotion, and personal trip in deep prayer or meditation. Instead of closing off too many religions, they have opened themselves up to it. This is very much close to Maslow’s hierarchy, and for that reason, Hindus are natural capitalists. Hinduism is the father and mother of a religion for 2 of the different fundamental religions of South Asia – Buddhism and Sikhism. It is additionally closely associated with its sister religion – Jainism.
The holiest quantity for Hindus is 108. This is the whole ratio of Sun’s distance (from the earth)/Sun’s diameter or Moon’s distance (from the earth)/Moon’s diameter. Thus, most of our prayer beads have around 108 beads. Beyond India, Hinduism is the dominant faith of many distinct areas such as Nepal, Mauritius, Bali, second largest religion of Fiji & Sri Lanka and at one point included most of Southeast Asia – such as Indonesia, Cambodia and Malaysia.